Knowledge Bank


Every evaluation is guided by certain normative concepts, to determine the merit, worth or significance of an intervention. The Evaluation Observatory defines evaluation frameworks as the normative (value-based) criteria, used to guide evaluation questions. Each criterion provides a different perspective of the intervention, it’s implementation and results, to ultimately describe the desired attributes of an initiative. Different criteria are used to inform diverse purpose in evaluations (OECD, 2020).

  • CCPC Framework for Humanitarian Interventions

    CCPC Framework stands for - Coverage, Coordination, Protection and Coherence, which is often clubbed together with other frameworks to detail more ‘specific criteria’ within the generic criteria, sensitive to the context and evaluation Terms of Reference (TOR) in consultation with all due stakeholders prior to their application.

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  • UNICEF’s Human Rights and Gender Equity Evaluation Criteria

    Human Rights and Gender Equity need special attention while evaluating interventions, as they add valuable principles like equality, inclusion, and non-discrimination to evaluations. As a result, they need to be mindfully integrated into evaluations ...

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  • OECD DAC Criteria

    OECD DAC criteria consist of relevance, coherence, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability, and two principles used to evaluate the effectiveness of their development co-operation efforts and policies. Several multi-lateral organizations also widely use the criteria to benchmark their policies and programs.

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